BIOL 5493 Introduction to Pharmacology

What is an empirical research article?

An Empirical Research Article describes research based on actual observation of experiments.


This type of article usually contains the following sections:


  1. Introduction
   2. Literature review
   3. Methodology
   4. Results
   5. Discussion
   6. Conclusion
   7. References


HINT: Original research in which an experiment has taken place, data was collected and a conclusion was drawn.


Empirical Vs. Review

What is a review article?

A review article is a critical, constructive analysis of the literature in a specific field. The article summarizes, classifies, analyze, and compares the various literature.


A review article relies on using previously published literature or data. New data from the author’s experiments are not presented (with exceptions: some reviews contain new data).