What is an annotation?
An annotation is brief descriptive and/or evaluative summary of an article, book, or other resource
How are annotations and citations different?
Citations identify the resource, its location, and precede the annotations. Annotations are short paragraphs that describe and/or evaluate the resource.
Annotations help you evaluate the resources and help you identify where your own research topic fits in the larger research world. They also display your understanding of the topic, the related research and the organization of your research project.
Accessing, analyzing, and annotating a variety of resources makes your own research question more thorough, your project more comprehensive and your process of creating information more streamlined. And finally, that well-researched, -organized and -written product subsequently continues the scholarly conversation in your field.
Annotations demonstrate your ability to:
Where do annotations go?
Your professor might ask you to create an Annotated Bibliography or an Annotated Outline.
Annotations can be descriptive, informative and/or evaluative. Often, they are a combination of the types below.
Always check with your professor to see what kind of annotation is expected for each assignment.
Descriptive annotations answer the questions:
Informative/Summative annotations answer the questions:
Evaluative/Critical/Analytical annotations answer the questions: