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APA Style Central: Your Place for all things APA

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APA Citations

The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is used frequently in Psychology, Business, Criminology, Economics, Education, Sociology, and widely throughout the social sciences and humanities. Here are some examples on how to cite various commonly used sources in APA style.

 


Books

 

Print Book:

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

 

Electronic Book:

Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. Available from http://www.powells.com/cgi-bin/biblio?inkey=1-9780931686108-0​

 


Articles

 

Online Journal Article with DOI number:

Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41, 1245-1283. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161​

 

Online Journal with no DOI Number Retrieved Online:

Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved from http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html

 

 

What is a DOI?

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. The publisher assigns a DOI when your article is published and made available electronically. From apastyle.org.

 


Websites

 

Website (with no date given):

The College of William and Mary. (n.d.). College mission statement. Retrieved from http://www.wm.edu/about/administration/provost/mission/index.php

 

 

Website (with no author given):

All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39625809/ns/world_news-americas/

 

 

See more examples on our APA Handout or use the online resource APA Style CENTRAL.

Web Resources

Purdue Online Writing Lab

 

APAStyleCENTRAL

 

Citation Tools

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